Initialize git in a working directory
So you have a directory where you want to set up git in. You cd into that directory and you do
That’s all it takes to have git initialized in that directory.
Connect to a remote repository
Now what you want is to connect that git instance to a remote branch. To do this run:
git remote add origin <URL>
Now you’re connected to a remote repo.Next you need to pull down the content from the repository. To do this run:
git pull origin master
Basically git pull is a git fetch and a git merge. More information here: http://git-scm.com/docs/git-pull
Add, Commit, Push
Once you modified a file, created one or deleted one, you need to let your remote branch know of the chage and push that change. To do so First you need to add your change. Run:
git add .
Where . just adds everything in that tree. For a complete list of commands see: http://git-scm.com/docs/git-add
Then you can check your soon to be commit with:
This one has options too. Available here: http://git-scm.com/docs/git-status
Then you do a commit:
git commit -a -m "Your message goes here"
-a commits all the files that have been told to git about in the previous add . command -m is for the commit message More commands here: http://git-scm.com/docs/git-commit
And then you push:
git push origin master
Where you are pushing to the master remote branch the local origin branch.
To create a branch do
git branch branchname
You have to be in the branch you want to duplicate. So if you’re in master you do the above command to branch master.
Then you need to switch to that branch
branch checkout branchname
At this point you switched from what ever branch you where in, to this one. Now the changes in the previous branch are gone, you only have the changes in the branch. checkout is like the cd of git. More commands here: http://git-scm.com/docs/git-checkout
You can checkout brances or even commits.
git reset --hard
Resets the index and working tree. Any changes to tracked files in the working tree since
Resets the index and updates the files in the working tree that are different between
If you want to revert to a specific commit all you have to do is:
git revert <commit-code>
More information here: http://git-scm.com/docs/git-revert